In ‘Zwei ethische Grundprobleme in ihrem Gegensatz und in ihrer Vereinigung im sozialen Leben’ Jahr targets a rarely addressed issue in ethics: the conflict between egoism and altruism. In consequence of his Bioethics Imperative to recognize and to care for all forms of life, he has to recognize the struggle for life among various forms of life, humans, plants, animals, also within and between biotopes and natural and social environments, including nations, businesses, communities, institutions, and parties, - life forms in competition. He values both, altruism and egoism as natural properties and calls for reasonable and pragmatic use of both in a compassionate way of reasoning, feeling and acting. In coming close to review social organizations as living beings, having their own vision and goal for their life and success, he hints at new methods to analyze personal, social, professional and cultural interrelations in the workplace such as in hospital wards and offices, but also in clubs, parties, neighborhoods and churches.
[Abstract by Hans Martin Sass]