The time indication («the not-too-distant-future») at the beginning of the film Gattaca (Andrew Niccol, 1997) leads us to reflect on the ethical and legal issues that the field of reprogenetics opens. That reflection cannot be postponed. It involves considering the history of eugenic thinking and practices within the development of science. Such development, in turn, took place in a context given by capitalism as a form of social tie. This implies questioning the instrumental logic of capitalism, and the margin that the subject and the real introduce, as well as the relationship between juridical law, biotechnological development (especially that concerning reprogenetics) and the subject. There is, finally, the question of what value ethical reflection could have to influence the development of biotechnology (especially reprogenetics) and its legal regulation.
Keywords: Reprogenetics, eugenics, capitalist discourse, legal field.